Journal of the Bahrain Medical Society

Year 2021, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 3-7

Original Article

Oral Rehabilitation Under General Anesthesia for Pediatric Patients at Bahrain Defense Force Hospital: A Retrospective Study

Farah Najib1*, Aania Adil Ilyas2

Author Affiliation

1Consultant Pediatric Dentist, Royal Medical Services Bahrain Defense Force Hospital

2Senior Resident Pediatric Dentist, Royal Medical Services Bahrain Defense Force Hospital

*Corresponding author: Dr. Farah Najib, Consultant Pediatric Dentist, Royal Medical Services Bahrain Defense Force Hospital; Email: 

Received date: September 7, 2020; Accepted date: November 30, 2020; Published date: March 31, 2021


Objective: To analyze data on full mouth rehabilitation under general anesthesia (GA) performed at the Bahrain defense force (BDF) Military Hospital with focus on patient characteristics, type of procedures, reasons of treatment under general anesthesia and post-operative complications.

Material and Methods: Retrospective review of 281 patients treated under GA at the BDF day case surgery unit. Patient’s (sex, age) clinical data (diagnosis, reasons of treatment, number of stainlesssteel crowns (SSCs) used, extracted teeth, endodontic treatment, fluoride applications and prophylaxis treatment, postoperative complications were collected.

Results: Two hundred and sixty patients were treated under GA due to their uncooperative behavior, 13 patient were medically compromised, and 7 patients were elective patients. All patients were discharged on the same day, with no complications, excluding 4 patients, who reported within two of months follow-up with pain.

Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it is important to educate parents on oral hygiene and caries preventions in order to minimize future failures and the need to repeat the GA, for their children. Oral rehabilitations under GA may be required for the treatment of non-compliant patients. Treatment under GA is safe and effective in providing dental care for non-compliant and medically complex patients.

Keywords: Dental Care; General Anesthesia; Mouth Rehabilitation; Oral Hygiene; Patient Compliance